backup

MX Backup - Postfix Email Server

By far the most popular set of articles I have written is my Raspberry Pi Email Server tutorial. Clearly, there are plenty of people who don't like relying on freemail providers like Yahoo, Outlook and Gmail for a variety of privacy and security reasons.

However, there is one major drawback of hosting your own email server: if your server is taken offline for maintenance, or your internet connection is interrupted, then incoming email can not be delivered and may bounce.

This tutorial will describe how to set up another server to act as an MX backup. The backup server will be hosted on a separate internet connection with a different WAN IP address, and have a lower priority than your primary mail server in your Mail Exchanger (MX) DNS record. When your primary server is offline other MTAs will send email to the backup instead, and the backup will hold them until your primary mail server comes back online, and then deliver them. No more bounced emails.

The biggest challenge when setting up a backup MX is convincing a friend or family member to allow you to run a RasPi or some other server on their network; the rest of the setup is a breeze compared to the full mail server installation described in the main tutorial, because fewer components are required (just Postfix).

This guide is written for Debian and its derivatives (Raspbian, Ubuntu etc.) but since a basic postfix installation is more or less the same across different distributions you should be able to use it for any distro. My backup server runs openSUSE.

Backup script for Drupal using Drush and Cron

This is something I have been meaning to write up for a while: how to automate backups using cron and Drush, a commandline tool for Drupal. Drush makes creating backups of your Drupal website's database and files really easy, and I have written a script that calls Drush to create a backup, and then manages your existing backups so you don't use up too much space on your drive. Once a month, it will also create an encrypted copy of that day's backup file and email it to an external email address.

Personally, I think that daily backups from a month ago aren't useful to me any more - if I was going to revert to a backup from that long ago, I'd be looking to restore a weekly backup. Similarly, after several months, I'd only be interested in monthly backups. After creating your daily backup, the script runs through the other files in the backup directory and deletes the files you don't need any more. The script will keep:

  • One week of daily backups
  • One month of weekly backups (1st, 8th, 15th and 22nd)
  • Monthly backups for one year
  • Yearly backups for ever

Before I wrote the script, samhobbs.co.uk was a WordPress site hosted on a Raspberry Pi until the drive I was using bricked. I didn't have a recent backup so I lost the lot. Now I make backups to an external hard drive, so that if the SSD in the my Intel NUC gets corrupted I'll be able to recover. The encrypted copies sent to an external email address protect against the server being stolen or lost in a fire.

Subscribe to RSS - backup